Peer To Peer (P2P) Definitions For Newbies

Peer To Peer is a network protocol used for downloading torrents or P2P files. P2P software allows browsers to connect with each other to search for and download content. Here  files are shared directly between network users without the assistance of a central server.

TorrentsTorrent : This is a small metadata file and ends with .torrent extension. This torrent file contains all the information about the files (movies, music, games, etc) that you are downloading. When the P2P download initiates, a torrent file is sent to the computer.

Peer : A peer is another user in the network or the internet (Just like you), who is interested in downloading some files. A peer doesn’t have the complete file on his/her computer.

Seed : As the name says, a seed is the originator of the file. The seed has the complete file on his/her computer. There can be multiple seeds for a same file on the Internet. This makes the P2P sharing more useful.

Swarm : A swarm is the group of people associated with a particular file. This included seeds and peers. Together, all users sharing a torrent are called a swarm. Six peers and two seeds make a swarm of eight.

Leech : A leech is a peer who has a negative effect on the swarm because of very poor share ratio. In other words, downloading much more than they upload. Some leeches hurt the swarm to avoid uploading by using modified clients or limiting their upload speed.

Tracker : The Tracker is the server of the torrent site that monitors or tracks the progress of your download. It keeps track of which seeds and peers are in the swarm. The tracker is not directly involved in the data transfer and does not have a copy of the file.

Snubbed : An uploading client is flagged as snubbed if the downloading client has not received any data from it in over 60 seconds.

DHT : It stands for Distributed Hash Table. This table is used by tracker to compile a list of peers that host a particular file.

Usage : Yesterday, I used P2P file sharing to get a copy of God Father. I got the torrent for it easily. The tracker referred to the DHT and showed me 30 seeds and 60 peers. The entire swarm has grown very well this week.

Twitter Definitions For Newbies

Twitter is considered to be the next thing after Blogging and Networking. Everyone has Twitter account. Even the celebrities too. If you are new to Twitter, you will be very confused with jargons and definitions. I had this same problem. But now I became very familiar with them. Got some interesting new friends in Twitter now. So I’m happy with Tweeting. I consider Twitter next to my Blog and Facebook. I can’t live without these three. Below are some of the common basic definitions which a newbie to Twitter should be very aware of. This will help him to get addicted to Twitter easily! 😛

I picked some terms and definition which were very confusing and strange to me when I was a newbie to Twitter, so that it will be useful for newbies like you to be familiar with such terms before or after signing up in Twitter. You can consider reading this  Quick Start Guide for Twitter. So what are you waiting for re? Start Tweeting now!


Twitter : Your Online Status Message.confused-with-terms

Tweet : A Short Update of what you are doing for about 140 characters.

Followers : People who are subscribed of your updates or fondly known as Tweets.

Following : People you are interested for following by subscribing to their updates or tweets.

Direct Message (DM) : Sending a Direct Message to your followers.

At (@) : You can use this when you are referring him/her in your updates. You can prefix their username with @ to display his/her Twitter account in the update.

Re-Tweet (RT) : You can Relay a tweet or update by a Twitterer or Tweeter to everyone who are following you.

Hash (#) : When you want to tell something specific about some issue or subject, you can prefix your subject with #.

Tweet – Up : When a group of Twitterers or Tweeters arranges a meeting for a social interaction or for some bloggers meet and so on.

Blocking/Spam : You may get requests from Spam Twitterers. You can block them in two ways. Directly from the User’s Twitter page or  through your Followers list. Just hit Block and Twitter will confirm it.